Phenotypic characteristics and risk factors in a multi-ethnic cohort of young adults with type 2 diabetes.

Lascar, Nadia and Altaf, Quratul-Ain and Raymond, Neil T and Brown, James Ep and Pattison, Helen and Barnett, Anthony H and Bailey, Clifford J and Bellary, Srikanth (2019) Phenotypic characteristics and risk factors in a multi-ethnic cohort of young adults with type 2 diabetes. Current medical research and opinion. p. 1. ISSN 1473-4877.

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Official URL: https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/030079...

Abstract

Early onset of type 2 diabetes (T2DM) is associated with prolonged exposure to hyperglycaemia and increased propensity to chronic complications. The aim of this study was to characterise and compare the phenotypic characteristics and risk factors in a multi-ethnic cohort of young adults with type 2 diabetes (T2DMY). 100 young adults (White European [WE], South Asian [SA] and African-Caribbean [AC]) diagnosed with T2DM before the age of 40 years were recruited. Demographics, family history, diabetes related complications, co-morbidities, anthropometry (Body Mass Index (BMI), Body composition), physical activity and biochemistry (HbA1c, lipid profile, liver and renal function) and autoantibodies (anti GAD, anti islet cell) were collected for all participants. Data were analysed for the most represented ethnic groups: (WE, N = 36 and SA, N = 53) using SPSS version 23. Mean (± standard deviation) age at diagnosis was 32.5 ± 5.5 years and mean diabetes duration was 7.7 ± 3.8 years. Overweight/obesity was present in 95% of participants, history of maternal diabetes in 68%, deprivation 75%, low physical activity 40%, polycystic ovarian disease 29% (in females), acanthosis nigricans 12%, and non alcoholic fatty liver 11%. There was considerable clustering of risk factors within the cohort with over 75% of all subjects having 3 or more of the above risk factors and fifty two percent required insulin within 3 years of diagnosis. Two-thirds of the patients had evidence of at least one diabetes related micro-vascular complication. T2DMY is characterised by a high burden of commonly associated risk factors for both the disease and its long-term complications.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: WK Endocrine system. Endocrinology
Divisions: Ambulatory Care > Diabetes
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Depositing User: Mr Philip O'Reilly
Date Deposited: 05 Jul 2019 14:51
Last Modified: 05 Jul 2019 14:51
URI: http://www.repository.heartofengland.nhs.uk/id/eprint/2213

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