Evaluation of the clinical and economic impact of delays to surgery in patients with periampullary cancer.

Pandé, R and Hodson, J and Murray, A and Marcon, F and Kalisvaart, M and Marudanayagam, R and Sutcliffe, R P and Mirza, D F and Isaac, J and Roberts, K J (2019) Evaluation of the clinical and economic impact of delays to surgery in patients with periampullary cancer. BJS open, 3 (4). pp. 476-484. ISSN 2474-9842. This article is available to all UHB staff and students via ASK Discovery tool http://tinyurl.com/z795c8c by using their UHB Athens login IDs

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Official URL: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/bj...

Abstract

Background

Early treatment is the only potential cure for periampullary cancer. The pathway to surgery is complex and involves multiple procedures across local and specialist hospitals. The aim of this study was to analyse variability within this pathway, and its impact on cost and outcomes.

Methods

Patients undergoing surgery for periampullary cancer (2011-2016) were identified retrospectively and their pathway to surgery was analysed. Patients who had early surgery (shortest quartile, Q1) were compared with those having late surgery (longest quartile, Q4).

Results

A total of 483 patients were included in the study, with 121 and 124 patients in Q1 and Q4 respectively. The median time from initial CT to surgery was 21 days for Q1 112 days for Q4 ( < 0·001). Diagnostic delays were common in Q4; these patients required significantly more investigations than those in Q1 (endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS): 74·2 18·2 per cent respectively,  < 0·001; MRI: 33·6 20·6 per cent,  = 0·036). The median time to diagnostic EUS was 13 days in Q1 59 days in Q4 ( < 0·001). Some 42·1 per cent of jaundiced patients in Q1 underwent preoperative biliary drainage, compared with all patients in Q4. There were significantly more unplanned admissions and associated longer duration of hospital stay per patient and costs in Q4 than in Q1 (median: 8 3 days respectively; €5652 €2088; both  < 0·001). There was a higher likelihood of potentially curative surgery in Q1 (82·6 per cent 66·9 per cent in Q4;  = 0·005).

Conclusion

There is wide variation across the entire pathway, suggesting that multiple strategies are required to enable early surgery. Defining an effective pathway by anticipating the need for investigations and avoiding biliary drainage reduces unplanned admissions and costs and increases resection rates.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This article is available to all UHB staff and students via ASK Discovery tool http://tinyurl.com/z795c8c by using their UHB Athens login IDs
Subjects: QZ Pathology. Oncology
WI Digestive system. Gastroenterology
Divisions: Emergency Services > Renal
Planned IP Care > General Surgery
Planned IP Care > Vascular
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Depositing User: Mrs Yolande Brookes
Date Deposited: 09 Aug 2019 14:17
Last Modified: 09 Aug 2019 14:17
URI: http://www.repository.uhblibrary.co.uk/id/eprint/2299

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