Regular performance feedback may be key to maintain good quality DKA management: results from a five-year study.

Kempegowda, Punith and Chandan, Joht Singh and Coombs, Benjamin and De Bray, Anne and Jawahar, Nitish and James, Sunil and Ghosh, Sandip and Narendran, Parth (2019) Regular performance feedback may be key to maintain good quality DKA management: results from a five-year study. BMJ open diabetes research & care, 7 (1). e000695. ISSN 2052-4897.

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Official URL: https://drc.bmj.com/content/7/1/e000695

Abstract

Objectives

We postulate that performance feedback is a prerequisite to ensure sustained improvement in diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) management.

Design

The study was based on 'theory of change' concept that suggests changes of primary drivers determine the main outcome. A set of secondary drivers can be implemented to achieve improvements in these primary drivers and thus the main outcome.

Setting

This study was conducted at a large tertiary care center in the West Midlands, UK. The region has above average prevalence of diabetes and DKA admissions in the country.

Participants

All participants diagnosed with DKA as per national guidelines, except those managed in intensive care unit from April 2014 to March 2018, were included in this study.

Interventions

Monthly feedback of performance was the main intervention. Development of a real-time live DKA audit tool, automatic referral system of DKA to the specialist team, electronic monitoring of blood gas measurements and education and redesigning of local (trust) guidelines were the other interventions in this study.

Main outcome measures

Total DKA duration, appropriateness of fixed rate intravenous insulin infusion, fluid prescription, glucose monitoring, ketone monitoring and referral to specialists.

Results

There was a significant reduction in the duration of DKA postintervention compared with baseline results. However, in the absence of regular feedback, the duration of DKA showed an upward trend nearing baseline values. Similar trends were noted in secondary drivers influencing DKA duration.

Conclusion

Based on these results, we recommend regular audit and feedback is required to sustain improvements in DKA management.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: WK Endocrine system. Endocrinology
Divisions: Ambulatory Care > Diabetes
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Jennifer Manders
Date Deposited: 20 Sep 2019 11:26
Last Modified: 20 Sep 2019 11:26
URI: http://www.repository.uhblibrary.co.uk/id/eprint/2402

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