Secondary care consultant clinicians' experiences of conducting emergency care and treatment planning conversations in England: an interview-based analysis.

Eli, Karin and Ochieng, Cynthia and Hawkes, Claire and Perkins, Gavin D and Couper, Keith and Griffiths, Frances and Slowther, Anne-Marie (2020) Secondary care consultant clinicians' experiences of conducting emergency care and treatment planning conversations in England: an interview-based analysis. BMJ open, 10 (1). e031633. ISSN 2044-6055.

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Official URL: https://bmjopen.bmj.com/content/10/1/e031633.long

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To examine secondary care consultant clinicians' experiences of conducting conversations about treatment escalation with patients and their relatives, using the Recommended Summary Plan for Emergency Care and Treatment (ReSPECT) process.

DESIGN

Semi-structured interviews following ward round observations.

SETTING

Two National Health Service hospitals in England.

PARTICIPANTS

Fifteen medical and surgical consultants from 10 specialties, observed in 14 wards.

ANALYSIS

Interview transcripts were analysed using thematic analysis.

RESULTS

Three themes were developed: (1) determining when and with whom to conduct a ReSPECT conversation; (2) framing the ReSPECT conversation to manage emotions and relationships and (3) reaching ReSPECT decisions. The results showed that when timing ReSPECT conversations, consultant clinicians rely on their predictions of a patient's short-term prognosis; when framing ReSPECT conversations, consultant clinicians seek to minimise distress and maximise rapport and when involving a patient or a patient's relatives in decision-making discussions, consultant clinicians are guided by their level of certainty about the patient's illness trajectory.

CONCLUSIONS

The management of uncertainty about prognoses and about patients' emotional reactions is central to secondary care consultant clinicians' experiences of timing and conducting ReSPECT conversations.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: HM Sociology
W Public health. Health statistics. Occupational health. Health education
WX Health services > WX135 Health services management
Divisions: Clinical Support > Critical Care
Planned IP Care
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Mr Muneeb Liaquat
Date Deposited: 24 Jan 2020 15:30
Last Modified: 24 Jan 2020 15:30
URI: http://www.repository.uhblibrary.co.uk/id/eprint/2797

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