Maresin Conjugates in Tissue Regeneration 1 improves alveolar fluid clearance by up-regulating alveolar ENaC, Na, K-ATPase in lipopolysaccharide-induced acute lung injury.

Han, Jun and Li, Hui and Bhandari, Suwas and Cao, Fei and Wang, Xin-Yang and Tian, Chao and Li, Xin-Yu and Zhang, Pu-Hong and Liu, Yong-Jian and Wu, Cheng-Hua and Smith, Fang Gao and Jin, Sheng-Wei and Hao, Yu (2020) Maresin Conjugates in Tissue Regeneration 1 improves alveolar fluid clearance by up-regulating alveolar ENaC, Na, K-ATPase in lipopolysaccharide-induced acute lung injury. Journal of cellular and molecular medicine. ISSN 1582-4934. This article is available to all UHB staff and students via ASK Discovery tool http://tinyurl.com/z795c8c by using their UHB Athens login IDs

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Abstract

Maresin Conjugates in Tissue Regeneration 1 (MCTR1) is a newly identified macrophage-derived sulfido-conjugated mediator that stimulates the resolution of inflammation. This study assessed the role of MCTR1 in alveolar fluid clearance (AFC) in a rat model of acute lung injury (ALI) induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Rats were intravenously injected with MCTR1 at a dose of 200 ng/rat, 8 hours after administration of 14 mg/kg LPS. The level of AFC was then determined in live rats. Primary rat ATII (Alveolar Type II) epithelial cells were also treated with MCTR1 (100 nmol/L) in a culture medium containing LPS for 8 hours. MCTR1 treatment improved AFC (18.85 ± 2.07 vs 10.11 ± 1.08, P < .0001) and ameliorated ALI in rats. MCTR1 also significantly promoted AFC by up-regulating epithelial sodium channel (ENaC) and Na -K -adenosine triphosphatase (Na, K-ATPase) expressions in vivo. MCTR1 also activated Na, K-ATPase and elevated phosphorylated-Akt (P-Akt) by up-regulating the expression of phosphorylated Nedd4-2 (P-Nedd4-2) in vivo and in vitro. However, BOC-2 (ALX inhibitor), KH7 (cAMP inhibitor) and LY294002 (PI3K inhibitor) abrogated the improved AFC induced by MCTR1. Based on the findings of this study, MCTR1 may be a novel therapeutic approach to improve reabsorption of pulmonary oedema during ALI/acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS).

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This article is available to all UHB staff and students via ASK Discovery tool http://tinyurl.com/z795c8c by using their UHB Athens login IDs
Subjects: WF Respiratory system. Respiratory medicine
Divisions: Clinical Support > Anaesthetics
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Depositing User: Mrs Yolande Brookes
Date Deposited: 13 Mar 2020 12:54
Last Modified: 13 Mar 2020 12:54
URI: http://www.repository.uhblibrary.co.uk/id/eprint/2921

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