The myocardial phenotype of Fabry disease pre-hypertrophy and pre-detectable storage.

Augusto, João B and Johner, Nicolas and Shah, Dipen and Nordin, Sabrina and Knott, Kristopher D and Rosmini, Stefania and Lau, Clement and Alfarih, Mashael and Hughes, Rebecca and Seraphim, Andreas and Vijapurapu, Ravi and Bhuva, Anish and Lin, Linda and Ojrzyńska, Natalia and Geberhiwot, Tarekegn and Captur, Gabriella and Ramaswami, Uma and Steeds, Richard P and Kozor, Rebecca and Hughes, Derralynn and Moon, James C and Namdar, Mehdi (2020) The myocardial phenotype of Fabry disease pre-hypertrophy and pre-detectable storage. European heart journal cardiovascular Imaging. ISSN 2047-2412.

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Official URL: https://academic.oup.com/ehjcimaging

Abstract

AIMS

Cardiac involvement in Fabry disease (FD) occurs prior to left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) and is characterized by low myocardial native T1 with sphingolipid storage reflected by cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) and electrocardiogram (ECG) changes. We hypothesize that a pre-storage myocardial phenotype might occur even earlier, prior to T1 lowering.

METHODS AND RESULTS

FD patients and age-, sex-, and heart rate-matched healthy controls underwent same-day ECG with advanced analysis and multiparametric CMR [cines, global longitudinal strain (GLS), T1 and T2 mapping, stress perfusion (myocardial blood flow, MBF), and late gadolinium enhancement (LGE)]. One hundred and fourteen Fabry patients (46 ± 13 years, 61% female) and 76 controls (49 ± 15 years, 50% female) were included. In pre-LVH FD (n = 72, 63%), a low T1 (n = 32/72, 44%) was associated with a constellation of ECG and functional abnormalities compared to normal T1 FD patients and controls. However, pre-LVH FD with normal T1 (n = 40/72, 56%) also had abnormalities compared to controls: reduced GLS (-18 ± 2 vs. -20 ± 2%, P < 0.001), microvascular changes (lower MBF 2.5 ± 0.7 vs. 3.0 ± 0.8 mL/g/min, P = 0.028), subtle T2 elevation (50 ± 4 vs. 48 ± 2 ms, P = 0.027), and limited LGE (%LGE 0.3 ± 1.1 vs. 0%, P = 0.004). ECG abnormalities included shorter P-wave duration (88 ± 12 vs. 94 ± 15 ms, P = 0.010) and T-wave peak time (Tonset - Tpeak; 104 ± 28 vs. 115 ± 20 ms, P = 0.015), resulting in a more symmetric T wave with lower T-wave time ratio (Tonset - Tpeak)/(Tpeak - Tend) (1.5 ± 0.4 vs. 1.8 ± 0.4, P < 0.001) compared to controls.

CONCLUSION

FD has a measurable myocardial phenotype pre-LVH and pre-detectable myocyte storage with microvascular dysfunction, subtly impaired GLS and altered atrial depolarization and ventricular repolarization intervals.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: WG Cardiovascular system. Cardiology
WN Medical imaging. Radiology
Divisions: Emergency Services > Cardiology
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Depositing User: Jamie Edgar
Date Deposited: 17 Jun 2020 09:11
Last Modified: 17 Jun 2020 09:11
URI: http://www.repository.uhblibrary.co.uk/id/eprint/3170

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