Association of Obesity Indicators with Hypertension in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients.

Chaudhary, Ghulam Mohyud Din, Tameez Ud Din, Asim, Chaudhary, Farooq Mohyud Din, Tanveer, Azfar, Siddiqui, Khaleeq H, Tameez Ud Din, Asma, Chaudhary, Noman A, Chaudhary, Sana Mohyud Din, Tameez-Ud-Din, Ahsan and Nawaz, Faisal (2019) Association of Obesity Indicators with Hypertension in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients. Cureus, 11 (7). e5050. ISSN 2168-8184. This article is available to all UHB staff and students via ASK Discovery tool http://tinyurl.com/z795c8c by using their UHB Athens login IDs

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Official URL: https://www.cureus.com/articles

Abstract

OBJECTIVES

To study the association of waist circumference (WC), waist to hip ratio (WHR) and body mass index (BMI) with hypertension in type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) patients in a tertiary care hospital.

METHODS

The anthropometric measures of patients were recorded in the Diabetic Outdoor of Nishtar Hospital Multan from 2013 to 2018 after taking approval from the Institutional Ethical Review Committee. All patients were evaluated in detail after obtaining informed consent. Data was entered and analyzed in SPSS version 20 (IBM Corp., Armonk, NY, USA).

RESULTS

Data of 4556 type 2 DM patients, 2549 (55.9%) females, and 2007 (44.1%) males, was analyzed. Mean age of the study population was 47.72 years. Mean age of females was 47.32 years, while of males was 48.23 years. A total of 3393 (74.5%) of the patients had hypertension, 1912 females and 1481 males. The mean systolic blood pressure (SBP) was 130.84 mmHg, while the mean diastolic blood pressure (DBP) was 82.65 mmHg. Mean WC was 102.85 cm. Mean hip circumference was 100.33 cm. Mean weight was 66.93 kg. Mean height was 1.59 m. Mean WHR was 1.02. Mean BMI was 26.37 kg/m2. Obesity (BMI >27 kg/m2) was found in 1,891 (41.5%) of patients. Central obesity was found in 80.7% and 94.7% of type 2 DM patients according to the WC and WHR cutoff, respectively. Hypertension was significantly associated with all the obesity indicators (p<0.001). Type 2 DM patients with a high WHR were more likely to be hypertensive as compared to those with normal WHR (75% versus 65%, odds ratio (OR) 1.6, p<0.001). A higher than normal WC was also significantly associated with hypertension (79% versus 56%, OR 2.9, p<0.001). Similarly, obese type 2 DM patients with a BMI >27 kg/m2 were more likely to be hypertensive as compared to those with a normal range (18.5 to 22.9 kg/m2) BMI (83.1% versus 64.4%, OR 2.7, p<0.001).

CONCLUSION

Diabetes is more prevalent in females and middle-aged people. Hypertension and obesity are two very common comorbidities of diabetes. Hypertension is strongly associated with all the parameters (WC, WHR, and BMI) of obesity.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This article is available to all UHB staff and students via ASK Discovery tool http://tinyurl.com/z795c8c by using their UHB Athens login IDs
Subjects: WK Endocrine system. Endocrinology
Divisions: Emergency Services > Acute Medicine and AMU
Planned IP Care > Gastroentrology
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Depositing User: Mrs Yolande Brookes
Date Deposited: 13 Sep 2019 13:42
Last Modified: 13 Sep 2019 13:42
URI: http://www.repository.uhblibrary.co.uk/id/eprint/2389

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