Investigating Swallowing and Tracheostomy Following Critical Illness: A Scoping Review.

Skoretz, Stacey A, Riopelle, Stephanie J, Wellman, Leslie and Dawson, Camilla (2020) Investigating Swallowing and Tracheostomy Following Critical Illness: A Scoping Review. Critical care medicine, 48 (2). e141-e151. ISSN 1530-0293. This article is available to all UHB staff and students via ASK Discovery tool http://tinyurl.com/z795c8c by using your UHB Athens login IDs.

Full text not available from this repository.
Official URL: https://journals.lww.com/ccmjournal/Abstract/2020/...

Abstract

OBJECTIVES

Tracheostomy and dysphagia often coexist during critical illness; however, given the patient's medical complexity, understanding the evidence to optimize swallowing assessment and intervention is challenging. The objective of this scoping review is to describe and explore the literature surrounding swallowing and tracheostomy in the acute care setting.

DATA SOURCES

Eight electronic databases were searched from inception to May 2017 inclusive, using a search strategy designed by an information scientist. We conducted manual searching of 10 journals, nine gray literature repositories, and forward and backward citation chasing.

STUDY SELECTION

Two blinded reviewers determined eligibility according to inclusion criteria: English-language studies reporting on swallowing or dysphagia in adults (≥ 17 yr old) who had undergone tracheostomy placement while in acute care. Patients with head and/or neck cancer diagnoses were excluded.

DATA EXTRACTION

We extracted data using a form designed a priori and conducted descriptive analyses.

DATA SYNTHESIS

We identified 6,396 citations, of which 725 articles were reviewed and 85 (N) met inclusion criteria. We stratified studies according to content domains with some featuring in multiple categories: dysphagia frequency (n = 38), swallowing physiology (n = 27), risk factors (n = 31), interventions (n = 21), and assessment comparisons (n = 12) and by patient etiology. Sample sizes (with tracheostomy) ranged from 10 to 3,320, and dysphagia frequency ranged from 11% to 93% in studies with consecutive sampling. Study design, sampling method, assessment methods, and interpretation approach varied significantly across studies.

CONCLUSIONS

The evidence base surrounding this subject is diverse, complicated by heterogeneous patient selection methods, design, and reporting. We suggest ways the evidence base may be developed.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This article is available to all UHB staff and students via ASK Discovery tool http://tinyurl.com/z795c8c by using your UHB Athens login IDs.
Subjects: WB Practice of medicine
WB Practice of medicine > WB400 Intensive care
WF Respiratory system. Respiratory medicine
Divisions: Clinical Support > Critical Care
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Mr Muneeb Liaquat
Date Deposited: 20 Jan 2020 11:33
Last Modified: 20 Jan 2020 11:33
URI: http://www.repository.uhblibrary.co.uk/id/eprint/2772

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item