Testosterone replacement therapy: Pre-treatment sex hormone binding globulin levels and age may identify clinical subgroups.

Ramachandran, Sudarshan, Hackett, Geoffrey I and Strange, Richard C (2020) Testosterone replacement therapy: Pre-treatment sex hormone binding globulin levels and age may identify clinical subgroups. Andrology. ISSN 2047-2927. This article is available to all UHB staff and students via ASK Discovery tool http://tinyurl.com/z795c8c by using their UHB Athens login IDs

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Official URL: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/20472927

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Testosterone replacement therapy (TRT) improves health in some but not all men with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) and adult onset testosterone deficiency (TD). Such heterogeneity is compatible with the concept of patient subgroups that respond differently to therapy.

OBJECTIVES

Use baseline SHBG and age to identify putative subgroups that demonstrate different responses in variables such as waist circumference and HbA1c following TRT.

MATERIALS AND METHODS

A randomised double-blind trial approach was used to recruit and randomise men with T2DM and adult onset TD into placebo and TRT treated groups. Multiple regression was used to study differences between groups.

RESULTS

Baseline SHBG and change in SHBG (∆SHBG) were inversely related in the TRT group. Both median values of SHBG and age mediated the effect of TRT on ∆SHBG depending on whether baseline values were ≤ or >median (28.1nmol/l, 63 years respectively). In men with both SHBG≤28.1 nmol/l and age≤63 years (subgroup 1), TRT was positively associated with ∆SHBG (c = 4.67, 95%CI 1.17 - 8.16, p=0.010) while in those with SHBG>28.1 nmol/l and age>63.1 years (subgroup 4) the association was inverse (c = -7.07, 95%CI -11.64 - -2.49, p=0.003). The association between TRT and change (∆) in waist circumference, HbA1c and International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF) score differed between subgroups; in subgroup 4 but not subgroup 1, the therapy was significantly, associated with ∆waist circumference, ∆HbA1c and ∆IIEF.

DISCUSSION

Though the mechanism remains unclear, our finding of different responses to TRT in terms of change in waist circumference, HbA1c and IIEF score supports the concept of subgroups in men with T2DM and adult onset TD.

CONCLUSION

Our approach may provide a basis for identifying men who will or will not derive benefit from TRT though a larger study is required.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This article is available to all UHB staff and students via ASK Discovery tool http://tinyurl.com/z795c8c by using their UHB Athens login IDs
Subjects: QU Biochemistry
WK Endocrine system. Endocrinology
Divisions: Ambulatory Care > Endocrinology
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Jamie Edgar
Date Deposited: 15 May 2020 14:44
Last Modified: 15 May 2020 14:44
URI: http://www.repository.uhblibrary.co.uk/id/eprint/3084

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