A 16-year Longitudinal Cohort Study of Incidence and Bacteriology of Necrotising Fasciitis in England.

Bodansky, David M S, Begaj, Irena, Evison, Felicity, Webber, Mark, Woodman, Ciaran B and Tucker, Olga Noreen (2020) A 16-year Longitudinal Cohort Study of Incidence and Bacteriology of Necrotising Fasciitis in England. World journal of surgery. ISSN 1432-2323. This article is available to all UHB staff and students via ASK Discovery tool http://tinyurl.com/z795c8c by using their UHB Athens login IDs.

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Official URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00268-0...

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Necrotising fasciitis (NF) is a rapidly progressive, destructive soft tissue infection with high mortality. The primary aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence and mortality of NF amongst patients admitted to English National Health Service (NHS) hospitals. The secondary aims included the identification of risk factors for mortality and causative pathogens.

METHODS

The Hospital Episodes Statistics database identified patients with NF admitted to English NHS Trusts from 1/1/2002 to 31/12/2017. Information on patient demographics, co-morbid conditions, microbiology specimens, surgical intervention and in-hospital mortality was collected. Uni- and multivariable analyses were performed to investigate factors related to in-hospital mortality.

RESULTS

A total of 11,042 patients were diagnosed with NF. Age-standardised incidence rose from 9 per million in 2002 to 21 per million in 2017 (annual percentage change = 6.9%). Incidence increased with age and was higher in men. Age-standardised mortality rate remained at 16% over the study period, while in-hospital mortality declined. On multivariable analysis, the following factors were associated with increased risk of in-hospital mortality: emergency admission, female sex, history of congestive heart failure, peripheral vascular disease, chronic kidney disease and cancer. Admission year and diabetes, which was significantly prevalent at 27%, were not associated with increased risk of mortality. Gram-positive pathogens, particularly Staphylococci, decreased over the study period with a corresponding increase in Gram-negative pathogens, predominantly E. coli.

CONCLUSION

The incidence of NF increased markedly from 2002 to 2017 although in-hospital mortality did not change. There was a gradual shift in the causative organisms from Gram-positive to Gram-negative.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This article is available to all UHB staff and students via ASK Discovery tool http://tinyurl.com/z795c8c by using their UHB Athens login IDs.
Subjects: QY Clinical pathology
WO Surgery
Divisions: Planned IP Care > General Surgery
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Mrs Noomi Tyholdt-Pidgley
Date Deposited: 04 Jun 2020 10:28
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2020 10:28
URI: http://www.repository.uhblibrary.co.uk/id/eprint/3105

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