The Right Ventricle During Selective Lung Ventilation for Thoracic Surgery.

Rana, Meenal, Yusuff, Hakeem and Zochios, Vasileios (2019) The Right Ventricle During Selective Lung Ventilation for Thoracic Surgery. Journal of cardiothoracic and vascular anesthesia, 33 (7). pp. 2007-2016. ISSN 1532-8422. This article is available to all UHB staff and students through UHB Open Athens

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Official URL: https://www.jcvaonline.com/article/S1053-0770(18)3...

Abstract

The right ventricle (RV) has been an area of evolving interest after decades of being ignored and considered less important than the left ventricle. Right ventricular dysfunction/failure is an independent predictor of mortality and morbidity in cardiac surgery; however, very little is known about the incidence or impact of RV dysfunction/failure in thoracic surgery. The pathophysiology of RV dysfunction/failure has been studied in the context of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), cardiac surgery, pulmonary hypertension, and left ventricular failure, but limited data exist in literature addressing the issue of RV dysfunction/failure in the context of thoracic surgery and one-lung ventilation (OLV). Thoracic surgery and OLV present as a unique situation where the RV is faced with sudden changes in afterload, preload, and contractility throughout the perioperative period. The authors discuss the possible pathophysiologic mechanisms that can affect adversely the RV during OLV and introduce the term RV injury to the myocardium that is affected adversely by the various intraoperative factors, which then makes it predisposed to acute dysfunction. The most important of these mechanisms seems to be the role of intraoperative mechanical ventilation, which potentially could cause both ventilator-induced lung injury leading to ARDS and RV injury. Identification of at-risk patients in the perioperative period using focused imaging, particularly echocardiography, is paramount. The authors also discuss the various RV-protective strategies required to prevent RV dysfunction and management of established RV failure.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This article is available to all UHB staff and students through UHB Open Athens
Subjects: WB Practice of medicine > WB400 Intensive care
WG Cardiovascular system. Cardiology
WO Surgery
Divisions: Clinical Support > Critical Care
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Depositing User: Beth Connors
Date Deposited: 29 May 2020 14:39
Last Modified: 29 May 2020 14:39
URI: http://www.repository.uhblibrary.co.uk/id/eprint/3123

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