Using the T11 vertebra to minimise the CT-KUB scan field.

Uldin, Hasaam, McGlynn, Eunan and Cleasby, Morgan (2020) Using the T11 vertebra to minimise the CT-KUB scan field. The British journal of radiology, 93 (1110). p. 20190771. ISSN 1748-880X. This article is available to all UHB staff and students via ASK Discovery tool http://tinyurl.com/z795c8c by using their UHB Athens login IDs

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Official URL: https://www.bir.org.uk/

Abstract

OBJECTIVES

Computed tomography scans of the kidney, ureters, and bladder (CT-KUB) are crucial in investigating urinary calculi but impart a substantial radiation doses. Radiation can be limited by minimising the scanning field to the necessary area ( from the kidneys to urethra). Before auditing, the superior limit of CT-KUB scans had not been formally clarified at our trust. Consistently ensuring the upper limit of scans is at or below T10 has been shown to be a viable method of performing CT-KUB scans. This study aimed to assess the overscan length of CT-KUB investigations and modify practice accordingly to minimise it. There were two standards that were set for CT-KUB scanning. First, the mean percentage overscan length ( percentage of the scan above the kidneys) should be <15%. Second, all scans should include the superior borders of both kidneys.

METHODS

90 consecutive CT-KUB scans for ureteric calculus were retrospectively investigated using IMPAX software in the first phase of data collection. After these data were analysed, a newly devised protocol using T11 as the superior scan limit was delivered to radiographers in the department. and 105 in the second phase (re-audit). The analysis parameters were: percentage overscan length, distance between diaphragm and upper border of kidneys, vertebral level at which the scan commenced, and whether both kidneys were fully included.

RESULTS

In the first phase, overscan of >15% was present in 94.4% of scans. The mean percentage overscan length was 28.2%. The superior vertebral limit of 59% of scans was at T10 or below and a lower superior vertebral limit correlated with decreasing overscan. 99% of scans fully included both kidneys. In the second phase (3 months later), the mean overscan percentage reduced to 10.6% (standard deviation = 4.4%). Excessive overscan affected 35.2% of scans. The superior vertebral limit of 8% of scans was at T10 or below. 100% of scans fully included both kidneys.

CONCLUSION

Excessive overscanning was due to inconsistent technique in capturing CT-KUB scans. Before this audit, the superior limit of CT-KUB scans had not been formally clarified at our trust. By successfully standardising the process with a reproducible method, the overscan target was comfortably met. Therefore, patient dose was minimised without compromising scan quality.

ADVANCES IN KNOWLEDGE

This audit has successfully shown a feasible standardised protocol for CT-KUB investigations which can be used to minimise overscanning of patients.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This article is available to all UHB staff and students via ASK Discovery tool http://tinyurl.com/z795c8c by using their UHB Athens login IDs
Subjects: WJ Urogenital system. Urology
WN Medical imaging. Radiology
Divisions: Clinical Support > Radiology
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Jamie Edgar
Date Deposited: 11 Jun 2020 11:19
Last Modified: 11 Jun 2020 11:19
URI: http://www.repository.uhblibrary.co.uk/id/eprint/3166

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