Time to resolution of genital symptoms for uncomplicated gonorrhoea: a prospective cohort study.

Ayinde, Oluseyi and Ross, Jonathan D C (2020) Time to resolution of genital symptoms for uncomplicated gonorrhoea: a prospective cohort study. Sexually transmitted infections. ISSN 1472-3263.

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Official URL: https://sti.bmj.com/content/early/2020/08/20/sextr...

Abstract

OBJECTIVES

To determine the time to resolution of symptoms (TTR) following treatment of uncomplicated gonorrhoea and to identify factors associated with TTR in a cohort of sexual health clinic attendees.

METHODS

Participants were recruited from 14 clinics across England into the 'Gentamicin for the Treatment of Gonorrhoea (GToG)' trial between October 2014 and November 2016. We analysed demographic, behavioural and clinical data in a subset of the GToG study cohort presenting with genital discharge and/or dysuria, who subsequently experienced microbiological clearance of 2 weeks after treatment. Testing for gonorrhoea was performed using a nucleic acid amplification test. The results were expressed as median TTR (IQR) and HRs with 95% CIs for resolution of symptoms.

RESULTS

216 participants (89% male) with a mean age of 32 years reported genital discharge (204/216 (94%)) or dysuria (173/216 (80%)) at their baseline visit. Symptom resolution occurred in 202/216 (94%) at the 2-week follow-up appointment. The median TTR was 2 days (IQR 1-3 days). 50/216 (23%) patients presented with gonorrhoea-chlamydia coinfection at their baseline attendance and in this group symptom resolution was slower (3 days for gonorrhoea-chlamydia coinfection compared with 2 days for gonorrhoea only, HR 0.68 (95% CI 0.48 to 0.95)). TTR was also longer in women (4 days for females compared with 2 days for males, HR 0.47 (95% CI 0.29 to 0.77)).

CONCLUSIONS

The time to resolution of genital symptoms following effective treatment of gonorrhoea is variable, but 90% of patients report symptom resolution within 1 week. Concurrent chlamydia infection and being female were associated with prolonged TTR.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: HQ Sex. Relationships. Marriage. The family
WC Communicabable diseases
Divisions: Clinical Support > Infectious Diseases
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Mrs Yolande Brookes
Date Deposited: 03 Sep 2020 13:42
Last Modified: 03 Sep 2020 13:42
URI: http://www.repository.uhblibrary.co.uk/id/eprint/3396

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