Frailty is associated with neutrophil dysfunction which is correctable with phosphoinositol-3-kinase inhibitors.

Wilson, Daisy, Drew, William, Jasper, Alice, Crisford, Helena, Nightingale, Peter, Newby, Paul, Jackson, Thomas, Lord, Janet M and Sapey, Elizabeth (2020) Frailty is associated with neutrophil dysfunction which is correctable with phosphoinositol-3-kinase inhibitors. The journals of gerontology. Series A, Biological sciences and medical sciences. ISSN 1758-535X.

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Neutrophil dysfunction has been described with age, appears exaggerated in infection, with altered phosphoinositol signalling a potential mechanism. However, functional ageing is heterogeneous. Frailty is a negative health status and is more common in older adults. We hypothesised that neutrophil migration may be compromised in frailty, associated with the degree of frailty experienced by the older person. We compared measures of frailty, neutrophil function and systemic inflammation in forty young and seventy-seven older community dwelling adults in the United Kingdom. Systemic neutrophils exhibited an age-associated reduction in the accuracy of migration (chemotaxis) which was further blunted with frailty. The degree of migratory inaccuracy correlated with physical (adjusted hand grip strength) and cognitive (Stroop test) markers of frailty. Regression analysis demonstrated that age, Charlson Co-morbidity Index and Frailty Index were able to predict neutrophil chemotaxis. Reduced chemotaxis of neutrophils from frail adults could be reversed using selective PI3K inhibitors. Exposure of neutrophils from young adults to plasma from chronically inflamed frail older adults could not recapitulate the migratory deficit in vitro and there were no relationships with systemic inflammation and neutrophil dysfunction. Frailty exaggerated the neutrophil deficits seen with advanced age but aspects of the frailty-associated deficit in neutrophil function are rescuable and thus potentially form a therapeutic target to improve outcomes from infection in older adults.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: QW Microbiology. Immunology
WT Geriatrics. Elderly care
Divisions: Emergency Services > Elderly
Planned IP Care > Respiratory Medicine
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Depositing User: Mrs Yolande Brookes
Date Deposited: 10 Sep 2020 15:21
Last Modified: 10 Sep 2020 15:21

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