Removal of foreign body airway obstruction: A systematic review of interventions.

Couper, Keith, Hassan, Aysha Abu, Ohri, Vrinda, Patterson, Emma, Tang, Ho Tsun, Bingham, Robert, Olasveengen, Theresa and Perkins, Gavin D (2020) Removal of foreign body airway obstruction: A systematic review of interventions. Resuscitation. ISSN 1873-1570. This article is available to all UHB staff and students via ASK Discovery tool http://tinyurl.com/z795c8c by using their UHB Athens login IDs

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Official URL: http://www.journals.elsevier.com/resuscitation/

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To summarise in a systematic review the effectiveness of interventions to treat foreign body airway obstructions (FBAO).

METHODS

We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, and the Cochrane library from inception on 30 September 2019 for studies that described the effectiveness of interventions to treat FBAO in adults and children. We included randomised controlled trials, observational studies and case series (≥5 cases) that described evidence of benefit. For evidence of harm/complications, we included case reports. Two reviewers independently assessed study eligibility, extracted study data, and assessed risk of bias. Data are summarised in a narrative synthesis. The GRADE system is used to assess evidence certainty.

RESULTS

We included 69 publications, comprising three cross-sectional studies (557 patients); eight case series (755 patients), and 59 were case reports (64 patients). One paper was included as a case series and cross-sectional study. For all interventions and associated outcomes, evidence certainty was very low. Early removal of FBAO by bystanders was associated with improved neurological survival (odds ratio 6.0, 95% confidence interval 1.5 to 23.4). Identified evidence showed that key interventions (back blows, abdominal thrusts, chest thrusts/compressions, Magill forceps, manual removal of obstructions from the mouth, suction-based airway clearance devices) are effective in relieving FBAO. We identified reports of harm in relation to back blows, abdominal thrusts, chest thrusts/compressions, and blind finger sweeps.

CONCLUSIONS

Key interventions successfully relieve FBAO, but may be associated with important harms. Guidelines for FBAO management should balance the benefits and harms of interventions.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This article is available to all UHB staff and students via ASK Discovery tool http://tinyurl.com/z795c8c by using their UHB Athens login IDs
Subjects: WF Respiratory system. Respiratory medicine
WS Paediatrics. Child health
Divisions: Emergency Services > Emergency Department
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Jamie Edgar
Date Deposited: 29 Sep 2020 10:27
Last Modified: 29 Sep 2020 10:27
URI: http://www.repository.uhblibrary.co.uk/id/eprint/3484

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