Cardiac Imaging to assess Left Ventricular Systolic Function in Atrial Fibrillation.

Bunting, Karina V, O'Connor, Kieran, Steeds, Richard Paul and Kotecha, Dipak (2020) Cardiac Imaging to assess Left Ventricular Systolic Function in Atrial Fibrillation. The American journal of cardiology. ISSN 1879-1913. Available in full text to UHB OpenAthens acount holders

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Official URL: https://www.ajconline.org/article/S0002-9149(20)31...

Abstract

The validity and reproducibility of systolic function assessment in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) using cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR), echocardiography, nuclear imaging and computed tomography (CT) is unknown. A prospectively-registered systematic review was performed, including 24 published studies with patients in AF at the time of imaging and reporting validity or reproducibility data on left ventricular systolic parameters (PROSPERO: CRD42018091674). Data extraction and risk of bias were performed by 2 investigators independently and synthesized qualitatively. In 3 CMR studies (40 AF patients), LVEF and stroke volume measurements correlated highly with catheter angiography (r≥0.85), and intra/inter-observer variability were low. From 3 nuclear studies (171 AF patients), there were no external validation assessments but intra/inter-observer and inter-session variability were low. In 18 echocardiography studies (2566 AF patients), 2 studies showed high external validity of global longitudinal strain (GLS) and tissue Doppler s' with angiography-derived dP/dt (r≥0.88). GLS and myocardial performance index were both associated with adverse cardiovascular events. Reproducibility of echocardiography was better when selecting an index beat (where two preceding RR intervals are similar) compared to averaging of consecutive beats. There were no studies relating to CT. Most studies were small and biased by selection of patients with good quality images, limiting clinical extrapolation of results. The validity of systolic function measurements in patients with AF remains unclear due to the paucity of good-quality data.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Available in full text to UHB OpenAthens acount holders
Subjects: WG Cardiovascular system. Cardiology
Divisions: Emergency Services > Cardiology
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Depositing User: Mr Philip O'Reilly
Date Deposited: 27 Oct 2020 16:05
Last Modified: 27 Oct 2020 16:05
URI: http://www.repository.uhblibrary.co.uk/id/eprint/3594

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