Routine serum biomarkers, but not dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, correlate with cortical bone mineral density in children and young adults with chronic kidney disease.

Lalayiannis, Alexander D, Crabtree, Nicola J, Ferro, Charles J, Askiti, Varvara, Mitsioni, Andromachi, Biassoni, Lorenzo, Kaur, Amrit, Sinha, Manish D, Wheeler, David C, Duncan, Neill D, Popoola, Joyce, Milford, David V, Long, Jin, Leonard, Mary Beth, Fewtrell, Mary and Shroff, Rukshana (2020) Routine serum biomarkers, but not dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, correlate with cortical bone mineral density in children and young adults with chronic kidney disease. Nephrology, dialysis, transplantation : official publication of the European Dialysis and Transplant Association - European Renal Association. ISSN 1460-2385.

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Abstract

BACKGROUND

Biomarkers and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) are thought to be poor predictors of bone mineral density (BMD). The Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes guidelines suggest using DXA if the results will affect patient management, but this has not been studied in children or young adults in whom bone mineral accretion continues to 30 years of age. We studied the clinical utility of DXA and serum biomarkers against tibial cortical BMD (CortBMD) measured by peripheral quantitative computed tomography, expressed as Z-score CortBMD, which predicts fracture risk.

METHODS

This was a cross-sectional multicentre study in 26 patients with CKD4 and 5 and 77 on dialysis.

RESULTS

Significant bone pain that hindered activities of daily living was present in 58%, and 10% had at least one low-trauma fracture. CortBMD and cortical mineral content Z-scores were lower in dialysis compared with CKD patients (P = 0.004 and P = 0.02). DXA BMD hip and lumbar spine Z-scores did not correlate with CortBMD or biomarkers. CortBMD was negatively associated with parathyroid hormone (PTH; r = -0.44, P < 0.0001) and alkaline phosphatase (ALP; r = -0.22, P = 0.03) and positively with calcium (Ca; r = 0.33, P = 0.001). At PTH <3 times upper limit of normal, none of the patients had a CortBMD below -2 SD (odds ratio 95% confidence interval 7.331 to infinity). On multivariable linear regression PTH (β = -0.43 , P < 0.0001), ALP (β = -0.36, P < 0.0001) and Ca (β = 0.21, P = 0.005) together predicted 57% of variability in CortBMD. DXA measures did not improve this model.

CONCLUSIONS

Taken together, routinely used biomarkers, PTH, ALP and Ca, but not DXA, are moderate predictors of cortical BMD. DXA is not clinically useful and should not be routinely performed in children and young adults with CKD 4-5D.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: WJ Urogenital system. Urology
Divisions: Emergency Services > Renal
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Depositing User: Mrs Caroline Tranter
Date Deposited: 02 Nov 2020 13:42
Last Modified: 02 Nov 2020 13:42
URI: http://www.repository.uhblibrary.co.uk/id/eprint/3604

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