Cardiovascular risk knowledge in patients of South Asian origin living with rheumatoid arthritis: data from India and the UK.

Kumar, Kanta, Arya, Suvrat, Nightingale, Peter, Sheeran, Tom and Aggarwal, Amita (2020) Cardiovascular risk knowledge in patients of South Asian origin living with rheumatoid arthritis: data from India and the UK. BMC rheumatology, 4. p. 57. ISSN 2520-1026.

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Official URL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC75742...

Abstract

Background

South Asians have a higher risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) increases the risk of premature atherosclerosis. We investigated whether there was a substantial difference in the level of CVD risk knowledge among patients of South Asian origin with RA in India and in the UK.

Methods

In this cross-sectional survey, patients of South Asian origin with RA from India and the UK were recruited from secondary care settings. Data were collected via Heart Disease Fact Questionnaire-Rheumatoid Arthritis (HDFQ-RA), a validated self-completion questionnaire. The HDFQ-RA was translated into Hindi and piloted among patients from South Asian background before use. Additionally, clinical and demographic data was collected.

Results

Among 118 patients from each country, 84% were female and they had similar age, education level, employment status and co-morbidities. Patients from India had longer disease duration (5.5 years versus 4.1 years ( = 0.012) whereas those from the UK had higher disease activity score (4.0 + 0.8 versus 3.1 + 0.7,  < 0.01). Regarding modifiable risk factors for CVD only 51.2% from India and 51.3% in the UK were aware of them. However, awareness of the link between RA and increased risk of CVD was even more limited (32.8% in India and 34.4% in UK).

Conclusion

Patients of South Asians origin with RA from both countries had limited knowledge about CVD risk. There is a need to educate them about CVD risk during consultation, as this will result in better outcomes.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: WD Diseases and disorders of systemic, metabolic or environmental origin
WG Cardiovascular system. Cardiology
Divisions: Clinical Support
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Mrs Yolande Brookes
Date Deposited: 06 Nov 2020 14:35
Last Modified: 06 Nov 2020 14:35
URI: http://www.repository.uhblibrary.co.uk/id/eprint/3618

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