Venous thromboembolism in patients with COVID-19 and correlation with D-dimers: a single-centre experience.

Khan, Muhammad Ziaullah, Jamal, Yousaf, Sutton, Benjamin and Rauf, Farrukh (2020) Venous thromboembolism in patients with COVID-19 and correlation with D-dimers: a single-centre experience. BMJ open respiratory research, 7 (1). ISSN 2052-4439. This article is available to all UHB staff and students via ASK Discovery tool http://tinyurl.com/z795c8c by using their UHB Athens login IDs

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To study the frequency of venous thromboembolism in hospitalised patients with COVID-19 and correlation with the D-dimers and thromboprophylaxis.

DESIGN

Cross-sectional descriptive study.

PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY

Queen Elizabeth Hospital, 20 April 2020-13 May 2020.

PATIENTS AND METHODS

One hundred and seven (n=107) patients of PCR-confirmed COVID-19 pneumonia admitted to Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Birmingham, between 20 April 2020 and 13 May 2020 were included in the study using consecutive sampling. Data were collected using the Excel audit tool and included age, gender, weight, estimated eGFR, D-dimer values on admission, intensive care unit admission, presence of respiratory failure, imaging results for evaluation of venous thromboembolism (VTE) and anticoagulation received on admission. The data were entered in the SPSS (V.17) and were analysed. Data were summarised as means±SD, number or percentage as appropriate. A p value of less than 0.05 was considered significant.

RESULTS

The frequency of VTE was found to be 11.2% in patients hospitalised with COVID-19 pneumonia. The mean D-dimers were 3322.24 ng/mL±9603 ng/mL with the values significantly higher for patients with VTE and those requiring intensive care unit admission. All of the seven patients (100%) with D-dimers value above 2000 ng/mL who underwent imaging were found to have VTE.

CONCLUSION

VTE is frequent in patients with COVID-19 pneumonia despite anticoagulation. A higher D-dimers value correlates well with the risk of VTE in these patients and further evaluation of such patients for VTE is necessary especially with D-dimers values above 2000 ng/mL.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This article is available to all UHB staff and students via ASK Discovery tool http://tinyurl.com/z795c8c by using their UHB Athens login IDs
Subjects: WF Respiratory system. Respiratory medicine
Divisions: Planned IP Care > Respiratory Medicine
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Jamie Edgar
Date Deposited: 23 Nov 2020 16:15
Last Modified: 23 Nov 2020 16:15
URI: http://www.repository.uhblibrary.co.uk/id/eprint/3712

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