Six-year experience of detection and investigation of possible Middle East Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus cases, England, 2012-2018.

Zhao, H, ParryFord, F, Dabrera, G, Sinnathamby, M, Ellis, J, Dunning, J, Osman, Husam, Machin, N and Pebody, R (2020) Six-year experience of detection and investigation of possible Middle East Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus cases, England, 2012-2018. Public health, 189. pp. 141-143. ISSN 1476-5616.

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Abstract

OBJECTIVES

Surveillance for Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) has been undertaken in the UK since September 2012. This study describes the surveillance outcomes in England from 2012 to 2018.

STUDY DESIGN

This was a descriptive study using surveillance data.

METHODS

Local health protection teams in England report possible MERS cases to the National Infection Service with clinical and laboratory data.

RESULTS

A total of 1301 possible MERS cases were identified in the study period. Five cases were laboratory-confirmed MERS. The majority of cases had travelled to Saudi Arabia (56.7%) and United Arab Emirates (25.9%). Fifty-four percent of cases were men and 43.7% were women. The majority of cases (65.1%) were aged 45 years or older. The number of tests increased in the period after Hajj each year. Laboratory-confirmed alternative diagnoses were available for 513 (39.4%) cases; influenza was the most common virus detected (n = 255, 52.4%).

CONCLUSIONS

Our study highlights the importance of differential diagnosis of influenza and other respiratory pathogens and early influenza antiviral treatment.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: W Public health. Health statistics. Occupational health. Health education
WC Communicabable diseases
Divisions: Clinical Support > Infectious Diseases
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Mr Philip O'Reilly
Date Deposited: 27 Nov 2020 14:26
Last Modified: 27 Nov 2020 14:26
URI: http://www.repository.uhblibrary.co.uk/id/eprint/3727

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