Mode of Presentation in 1070 Patients With Perforated Epithelial Appendiceal Tumors, Predominantly with Pseudomyxoma Peritonei.

Shariff, Umar S, Chandrakumaran, Kandiah, Dayal, Sanjeev, Mohamed, Faheez, Cecil, Tom D and Moran, Brendan J (2020) Mode of Presentation in 1070 Patients With Perforated Epithelial Appendiceal Tumors, Predominantly with Pseudomyxoma Peritonei. Diseases of the colon and rectum, 63 (9). pp. 1257-1264. ISSN 1530-0358.

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Official URL: http://journals.lww.com/dcrjournal/

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Perforated epithelial appendiceal tumors are uncommon and can give rise to pseudomyxoma peritonei. Pseudomyxoma peritonei is rare, almost always of appendiceal origin, and presents in various ways relevant to abdominal surgeons.

OBJECTIVE

The aim of this study was to report the mode of presentation of pseudomyxoma peritonei of appendiceal origin in patients treated in a high-volume UK peritoneal malignancy center.

DESIGN

A retrospective observational study was conducted.

SETTINGS

This was a single-center study.

PATIENTS

Retrospective analysis of a prospective database of consecutive patients undergoing surgery between March 1994 and December 2016 was performed.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES

Mode of presentation was classified into 7 categories: "histological diagnosis at abdominal surgery for presumed appendicitis," "probable pseudomyxoma peritonei" based on abnormality on cross-sectional imaging (± image-guided biopsy)," "abnormal imaging (other cause suspected) and operative finding of pseudomyxoma peritonei," "diagnostic laparoscopy," "ovarian mass," "new-onset hernia," and "miscellaneous."

RESULTS

Overall, 1070 patients underwent surgery (female 61%, male 39%); median age was 57. The mode of presentation was abnormality on cross-sectional imaging in 324 of 1070 patients (30.3%), histological diagnosis at emergency surgery for presumed appendicitis in 203 of 1070 patients (19%), and abnormal imaging with eventual pseudomyxoma peritonei diagnosis in 180 of 1070 patients (16.8%); 124 of 651 women (19.2%) presented with an ovarian mass. New-onset hernia was the presenting feature in 9.9%; 83 of 1070 patients (7.7%) were diagnosed at diagnostic laparoscopy, and 32 of 1070 patients (3%) were described as "miscellaneous." Overall, 775 of 1070 patients (72.4%) had complete cytoreductive surgery with 10-year survival of 63.5%.

LIMITATIONS

Results are limited by the retrospective nature of the study, radiological improvements over the study period, and the number of patients who had overlapping features at presentation.

CONCLUSION

Perforated appendiceal tumors present in various ways but predominantly at cross-sectional imaging or coincidentally at laparoscopy or laparotomy. All abdominal surgeons will occasionally encounter cases, often unexpectedly, and recognition and referral to a specialized unit results in excellent outcomes in most cases. See Video Abstract at http://links.lww.com/DCR/B256. MODO DE PRESENTACIÓN EN 1070 PACIENTES CON TUMORES EPITELIALES APENDICULARES PERFORADOS, PREDOMINANTEMENTE CON PSEUDOMIXOMA PERITONEAL: Los tumores epiteliales apendiculares perforados son poco frecuentes y pueden dar lugar a Pseudomyxoma peritonei. El pseudomixoma peritoneal es raro, casi siempre de origen apendicular, y se presenta de diversas formas relevantes para los cirujanos abdominales.El objetivo fue informar el modo de presentación del Pseudomixoma peritoneal de origen apendicular en pacientes tratados en un centro de malignidad peritoneal de alto volumen en el Reino Unido.Se realizó un estudio observacional retrospectivo.Este fue un estudio de centro único.Análisis retrospectivo de una base de datos prospectiva de pacientes consecutivos sometidos a cirugía entre marzo de 1994 y diciembre de 2016.El modo de presentación se clasificó en 7 categorías: "diagnóstico histológico en la cirugía abdominal por presunta apendicitis", "probable Pseudomixoma peritoneal" basado en la anormalidad en la imagen de corte transversal (biopsia guiada por imagen +/-), "imagen anormal (se sospecha otra causa) y hallazgo quirúrgico de Pseudomixoma peritoneal", "laparoscopia diagnostica", "masa ovarica", "hernia de reciente aparicion" y "varios".En total, 1070 pacientes fueron operados (mujeres 61%, hombres 39%); edad media 57. El modo de presentación fue anormalidad en la imágen transversal en 324/1070 (30.3%), el diagnóstico histológico en cirugía de emergencia por presunta apendicitis en 203/1070 (19%), la imágen anormal con eventual diagnóstico de Pseudomixoma peritoneal en 180 / 1070 (16.8%), 124/651 (19.2%) las mujeres presentaron una masa ovárica. La hernia de reciente aparición fue la característica de presentación en 9.9%, 83/1070 (7.7%) fueron diagnosticados por laparoscopia diagnóstica y 32/1070 (3%) "misceláneos". En general, 775/1070 (72,4%) se sometió a cirugía citorreductora completa con una supervivencia a 10 años del 63,5%.Una deficiencia es que los resultados están limitados por la naturaleza retrospectiva del estudio, las mejoras radiológicas a lo largo del período de estudio, y varios pacientes tenían características superpuestas en la presentación.Los tumores apendiculares perforados se presentan de varias maneras, pero predominantemente en imágenes transversales o casualmente en laparoscopia o laparotomía. Todos los cirujanos abdominales encontrarán ocasionalmente con casos, a menudo inesperados, y el reconocimiento y la derivación a una unidad especializada da lugar a excelentes resultados en la mayoría de los casos. Consulte Video Resumen en http://links.lww.com/DCR/B256.).

Item Type: Article
Subjects: QZ Pathology. Oncology
WI Digestive system. Gastroenterology
WO Surgery
Divisions: Planned IP Care > Oncology and Clinical Haematology
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Jamie Edgar
Date Deposited: 30 Nov 2020 12:41
Last Modified: 30 Nov 2020 12:41
URI: http://www.repository.uhblibrary.co.uk/id/eprint/3741

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