Myocardial fibrosis in asymptomatic and symptomatic chronic severe primary mitral regurgitation and relationship to tissue characterisation and left ventricular function on cardiovascular magnetic resonance.

Liu, Boyang, Neil, Desley A H, Premchand, Monisha, Bhabra, Moninder, Patel, Ramesh, Barker, Thomas, Nikolaidis, Nicolas, Billing, J Stephen, Treibel, Thomas A, Moon, James C, González, Arantxa, Hodson, James, Edwards, Nicola C and Steeds, Richard P (2020) Myocardial fibrosis in asymptomatic and symptomatic chronic severe primary mitral regurgitation and relationship to tissue characterisation and left ventricular function on cardiovascular magnetic resonance. Journal of cardiovascular magnetic resonance : official journal of the Society for Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance, 22 (1). p. 86. ISSN 1532-429X. This article is available to all UHB staff and students via ASK Discovery tool http://tinyurl.com/z795c8c by using their UHB Athens login IDs

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Abstract

BACKGROUND

Myocardial fibrosis occurs in end-stage heart failure secondary to mitral regurgitation (MR), but it is not known whether this is present before onset of symptoms or myocardial dysfunction. This study aimed to characterise myocardial fibrosis in chronic severe primary MR on histology, compare this to tissue characterisation on cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging, and investigate associations with symptoms, left ventricular (LV) function, and exercise capacity.

METHODS

Patients with class I or IIa indications for surgery underwent CMR and cardiopulmonary exercise testing. LV biopsies were taken at surgery and the extent of fibrosis was quantified on histology using collagen volume fraction (CVF) compared to autopsy controls without cardiac pathology.

RESULTS

120 consecutive patients (64 ± 13 years; 71% male) were recruited; 105 patients underwent MV repair while 15 chose conservative management. LV biopsies were obtained in 86 patients (234 biopsy samples in total). MR patients had more fibrosis compared to 8 autopsy controls (median: 14.6% [interquartile range 7.4-20.3] vs. 3.3% [2.6-6.1], P < 0.001); this difference persisted in the asymptomatic patients (CVF 13.6% [6.3-18.8], P < 0.001), but severity of fibrosis was not significantly higher in NYHA II-III symptomatic MR (CVF 15.7% [9.9-23.1] (P = 0.083). Fibrosis was patchy across biopsy sites (intraclass correlation 0.23, 95% CI 0.08-0.39, P = 0.001). No significant relationships were identified between CVF and CMR tissue characterisation [native T1, extracellular volume (ECV) or late gadolinium enhancement] or measures of LV function [LV ejection fraction (LVEF), global longitudinal strain (GLS)]. Although the range of ECV was small (27.3 ± 3.2%), ECV correlated with multiple measures of LV function (LVEF: Rho = - 0.22, P = 0.029, GLS: Rho = 0.29, P = 0.003), as well as NTproBNP (Rho = 0.54, P < 0.001) and exercise capacity (%PredVOmax: R = - 0.22, P = 0.030).

CONCLUSIONS

Patients with chronic primary MR have increased fibrosis before the onset of symptoms. Due to the patchy nature of fibrosis, CMR derived ECV may be a better marker of global myocardial status. Clinical trial registration Mitral FINDER study; Clinical Trials NCT02355418, Registered 4 February 2015, https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT02355418.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This article is available to all UHB staff and students via ASK Discovery tool http://tinyurl.com/z795c8c by using their UHB Athens login IDs
Subjects: QW Microbiology. Immunology
QZ Pathology. Oncology
W Public health. Health statistics. Occupational health. Health education
WG Cardiovascular system. Cardiology
WN Medical imaging. Radiology
Divisions: Emergency Services > Cardiology
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Jamie Edgar
Date Deposited: 11 Jan 2021 11:23
Last Modified: 11 Jan 2021 11:23
URI: http://www.repository.uhblibrary.co.uk/id/eprint/3829

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