Sodium--glucose co-transporter-2 inhibitors for patients with diabetic and nondiabetic chronic kidney disease: a new era has already begun.

Sarafidis, Pantelis, Ortiz, Alberto, Ferro, Charles J, Halimi, Jean-Michel, Kreutz, Reinhold, Mallamaci, Francesca, Mancia, Giuseppe and Wanner, Christoph (2021) Sodium--glucose co-transporter-2 inhibitors for patients with diabetic and nondiabetic chronic kidney disease: a new era has already begun. Journal of hypertension. ISSN 1473-5598.

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Official URL: https://journals.lww.com/jhypertension/Abstract/90...

Abstract

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a major issue of public health. Hypertension control and use of renin--angiotensin system (RAS) blockers are the cornerstones of treatment for CKD of any cause. However, even under optimal RAS blockade, many individuals will progress towards more advanced CKD. Within the past few years, evidence from cardiovascular outcome trials with sodium--glucose co-transporter-2 (SGLT-2) inhibitors clearly suggested that these agents substantially delay CKD progression in patients with diabetes mellitus on top of standard-of-care treatment. The Canagliflozin-and-Renal-Events-in-Diabetes-with-Established-Nephropathy-Clinical-Evaluation (CREDENCE) study, showed that canagliflozin substantially reduced the risk of doubling of SCr, end-stage kidney disease (ESKD), or death from renal or cardiovascular causes in 4401 patients with diabetic CKD compared with placebo (hazard ratio 0.70; 95% CI 0.59-0.82). Recently, the Study-to-Evaluate-the-Effect-of-Dapagliflozin-on-Renal-Outcomes-and-Cardiovascular-Mortality-in-Patients-With-Chronic-Kidney-Disease (DAPA-CKD), including 2510 patients with diabetic and 1803 with nondiabetic CKD, also showed an impressive reduction in the risk of ≥50% decline in eGFR, ESKD, or death from renal or cardiovascular causes (HR 0.61; 95% CI 0.51-0.72). The benefit was similar for patients with diabetic and nondiabetic CKD, including patients with glomerulonephritides. Following this conclusive evidence, relevant guidelines should accommodate their recommendations to implement treatment with SGLT-2 inhibitors for patients with diabetic and nondiabetic CKD.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: WJ Urogenital system. Urology
WK Endocrine system. Endocrinology
Divisions: Emergency Services > Renal
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Depositing User: Mrs Yolande Brookes
Date Deposited: 20 Jan 2021 14:16
Last Modified: 20 Jan 2021 14:16
URI: http://www.repository.uhblibrary.co.uk/id/eprint/3870

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