Effect of position and exercise on measurement of muscle quantity and quality: towards a standardised pragmatic protocol for clinical practice.

Welch, Carly, Majid, Zeinab, Andrews, Isabelle, Hassan-Smith, Zaki, Kamwa, Vicky, Picton, Hannah, Wilson, Daisy and Jackson, Thomas A (2021) Effect of position and exercise on measurement of muscle quantity and quality: towards a standardised pragmatic protocol for clinical practice. BMC sports science, medicine & rehabilitation, 13 (1). p. 3. ISSN 2052-1847. This article is available to all UHB staff and students via ASK Discovery tool http://tinyurl.com/z795c8c by using their UHB Athens login IDs

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Abstract

BACKGROUND

Ultrasonography is an emerging non-invasive bedside tool for muscle quantity/quality assessment; Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis (BIA) is an alternative non-invasive bedside measure of body composition, recommended for evaluation of sarcopenia in clinical practice. We set out to assess impact of position and exercise upon measures towards protocol standardisation.

METHODS

Healthy volunteers aged 18-35 were recruited. Bilateral Anterior Thigh Thickness (BATT; rectus femoris and vastus intermedius), BATT: Subcutaneous Ratio (BATT:SCR), and rectus femoris echogenicity were measured using ultrasound and BIA was performed; 1) lying with upper body at 45° (Reclined), 2) lying fully supine at 180 (Supine), 3) sat in a chair with upper body at 90 (Sitting), and 4) after exercise Reclined. Variability of Skeletal Muscle Mass (SMM) by two different equations from BIA (SMM-Janssen, SMM-Sergi), phase angle, fat percentage, and total body (TBW), extracellular (ECW), and intracellular water (ICW) were assessed.

RESULTS

Forty-four participants (52% female; mean 25.7 years-old (SD 5.0)) were recruited. BATT increased from Reclined to Sitting (+ 1.45 cm, 1.27-1.63), and after exercise (+ 0.51, 0.29-0.73). Echogenicity reduced from Reclined to Sitting (- 2.1, - 3.9 - -0.26). SMM-Sergi declined from Reclined to Supine (- 0.65 kg, - 1.08 - - 0.23) and after exercise (- 0.70 kg, - 1.27 - -0.14). ECW increased from Reclined to Sitting (+ 1.19 L, 0.04-2.35). There were no other statistically significant changes.

CONCLUSION

Standardisation of protocols is especially important for assessment of muscle quantity by ultrasonography; BIA measurements may also vary dependent on the equations used. Where possible, participants should be rested prior to muscle ultrasonography and BIA, and flexion of the knees should be avoided.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This article is available to all UHB staff and students via ASK Discovery tool http://tinyurl.com/z795c8c by using their UHB Athens login IDs
Subjects: WE Musculoskeletal. Orthopaedics
WK Endocrine system. Endocrinology
Divisions: Ambulatory Care > Endocrinology
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Jamie Edgar
Date Deposited: 22 Jan 2021 13:38
Last Modified: 22 Jan 2021 13:38
URI: http://www.repository.uhblibrary.co.uk/id/eprint/3893

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