Planning for UK terror attacks: Analysis of blast and ballistic injuries.

Brewster, C T, Forbes, Kirstie, Handford, C, Scallan, N, Eskell, M, Hettiaratchy, S and Baden, J (2021) Planning for UK terror attacks: Analysis of blast and ballistic injuries. Injury. ISSN 1879-0267. This article is available to all UHB staff and students via ASK Discovery tool http://tinyurl.com/z795c8c by using their UHB Athens login IDs

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Official URL: http://www.journals.elsevier.com/injury/

Abstract

Terrorist attacks have become more acute, less predictable and frequently involve use of explosives and gunfire to inflict mass casualty to civilians. Resource demand has been reported in Role 3 Medical Facilities but the continued resource required to manage blast and ballistic injuries has not been quantified. This study aimed to assess the resource required for blast and ballistic injuries at the United Kingdom's Role 4 Medical Facility. Military patients admitted to the Queen Elizabeth Hospital (Role 4 Medical Facility) from Afghanistan with blast or ballistic injuries during the 2012 calendar year were retrospectively reviewed. Injury pattern, theatre resource, length of stay and cost analysis were performed. This study included 99 blast and 53 gunshot wound (GSW) patients. Blast patients were more likely to suffer polytrauma than GSW (53% vs 23%), underwent more surgical procedures and utilized double the theatre time. Blast injury patients had a longer length of stay in hospital. The average cost per patient for blast patients was double that of the GSW injury cohort. The Queen Elizabeth experience represents a continuous flow of severely injured military casualties whilst managing concurrent civilian trauma over a long period. This workload has encouraged systematic advancements in managing high numbers of injured patients from point of wounding to rehabilitation. Distribution of resource, theatre planning and multi-disciplinary team working are critical in effectively managing Major Incidents such as terror attacks. Drawing on previous Role 4 Medical Facility experience can aid UK hospitals in terms of strategy and resource distribution.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This article is available to all UHB staff and students via ASK Discovery tool http://tinyurl.com/z795c8c by using their UHB Athens login IDs
Subjects: WA Patients. Primary care. Medical profession. Forensic medicine
WO Surgery
Divisions: Emergency Services > Acute Medicine and AMU
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Jamie Edgar
Date Deposited: 27 Jan 2021 11:37
Last Modified: 27 Jan 2021 11:37
URI: http://www.repository.uhblibrary.co.uk/id/eprint/3911

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