Isolating polysaccharide IgG pneumococcal antibody responses by pre-adsorption of conjugate vaccine serotypes: A modified approach for the conjugate vaccine era.

Mohamed, Omar E, Williams, Leigh, Wong, Gabriel K, Hayes, Mark, Townsend, Kelly, Harding, Stephen and Huissoon, Aarnoud P (2020) Isolating polysaccharide IgG pneumococcal antibody responses by pre-adsorption of conjugate vaccine serotypes: A modified approach for the conjugate vaccine era. Journal of immunological methods, 486. p. 112846. ISSN 1872-7905.

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Abstract

BACKGROUND

Assessment of pure polysaccharide response to the 23-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PPV23) can be biased by previous exposure to the conjugate vaccine (PCV). We applied pre-analytical modification to the existing ELISA by pre-incubating serum with PCV.

METHODS

PCV-adsorbed and non-adsorbed sera were prepared before measuring the concentration of anti-pneumococcal capsular polysaccharide (PCP) IgG antibodies by the whole pneumococcal ELISA. Paired pre and post-pneumococcal vaccination sera from 73 subjects were analyzed and the baseline anti-PCP IgG for each sample was subtracted from the post-vaccination value to measure vaccine responses. Absolute change in titers and fold changes were then compared between both methods.

RESULTS

In the PCV-vaccinated group (n = 28), pre-adsorption with PCV significantly reduced the vaccine responses compared to non-adsorbed sera [median increase in anti-PCP titers: 27.55 mg/l and 45.98 mg/l, respectively]. In addition, the median fold change dropped significantly from 3.026 to 2.313. In PPV23-vaccinated immunocompetent subjects (n = 28) there was a significant difference in anti-PCP responses with PCV adsorption [median values: 73.71 mg/l without and 51.04 mg/l with adsorption]. All the antibody deficiency patients (n = 17) displayed poor PPV23 responses. Although PPV23 responsiveness was not statistically different between both methods, we have observed a trend for lower anti-PCP IgG titers in PCV-adsorbed sera compared to non-adsorbed ones. Serotype-specific IgG analysis using a multiplexed bead-based immunoassay performed on 10 paired samples confirmed that the adsorption observed is specific to PCV serotypes.

CONCLUSION

Pre-analytical modification to the conventional ELISA by removing the PCV-specific serotypes may differentiate true polysaccharide response from recall response induced by previous PCV vaccination.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: QW Microbiology. Immunology
Divisions: Clinical Support > Immunology
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Depositing User: Beth Connors
Date Deposited: 10 Mar 2021 11:09
Last Modified: 10 Mar 2021 11:09
URI: http://www.repository.uhblibrary.co.uk/id/eprint/4058

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