Improving the diagnosis of heart failure in patients with atrial fibrillation.

Bunting, Karina V, Gill, Simrat K, Sitch, Alice, Mehta, Samir, O'Connor, Kieran, Lip, Gregory Yh, Kirchhof, Paulus, Strauss, Victoria Y, Rahimi, Kazem, Camm, A John, Stanbury, Mary, Griffith, Michael, Townend, Jonathan N, Gkoutos, Georgios V, Karwath, Andreas, Steeds, Richard P and Kotecha, Dipak (2021) Improving the diagnosis of heart failure in patients with atrial fibrillation. Heart (British Cardiac Society). ISSN 1468-201X. This article is available to all UHB staff and students via ASK Discovery tool http://tinyurl.com/z795c8c by using their UHB Athens login IDs

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE

To improve the echocardiographic assessment of heart failure in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) by comparing conventional averaging of consecutive beats with an index-beat approach, whereby measurements are taken after two cycles with similar R-R interval.

METHODS

Transthoracic echocardiography was performed using a standardised and blinded protocol in patients enrolled in the RATE-AF (RAte control Therapy Evaluation in permanent Atrial Fibrillation) randomised trial. We compared reproducibility of the index-beat and conventional consecutive-beat methods to calculate left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), global longitudinal strain (GLS) and E/e' (mitral E wave max/average diastolic tissue Doppler velocity), and assessed intraoperator/interoperator variability, time efficiency and validity against natriuretic peptides.

RESULTS

160 patients were included, 46% of whom were women, with a median age of 75 years (IQR 69-82) and a median heart rate of 100 beats per minute (IQR 86-112). The index-beat had the lowest within-beat coefficient of variation for LVEF (32%, vs 51% for 5 consecutive beats and 53% for 10 consecutive beats), GLS (26%, vs 43% and 42%) and E/e' (25%, vs 41% and 41%). Intraoperator (n=50) and interoperator (n=18) reproducibility were both superior for index-beats and this method was quicker to perform (p<0.001): 35.4 s to measure E/e' (95% CI 33.1 to 37.8) compared with 44.7 s for 5-beat (95% CI 41.8 to 47.5) and 98.1 s for 10-beat (95% CI 91.7 to 104.4) analyses. Using a single index-beat did not compromise the association of LVEF, GLS or E/e' with natriuretic peptide levels.

CONCLUSIONS

Compared with averaging of multiple beats in patients with AF, the index-beat approach improves reproducibility and saves time without a negative impact on validity, potentially improving the diagnosis and classification of heart failure in patients with AF.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This article is available to all UHB staff and students via ASK Discovery tool http://tinyurl.com/z795c8c by using their UHB Athens login IDs
Subjects: WG Cardiovascular system. Cardiology
Divisions: Clinical Support
Emergency Services > Cardiology
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Depositing User: Mrs Yolande Brookes
Date Deposited: 15 Mar 2021 18:40
Last Modified: 15 Mar 2021 18:40
URI: http://www.repository.uhblibrary.co.uk/id/eprint/4091

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