Resting cardiac sympathetic firing frequencies suppress terminal norepinephrine transporter uptake.

Cao, Lily L, Marshall, Janice M, Fabritz, Larissa and Brain, Keith L (2021) Resting cardiac sympathetic firing frequencies suppress terminal norepinephrine transporter uptake. Autonomic neuroscience : basic & clinical, 232. p. 102794. ISSN 1872-7484.

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The prejunctional norepinephrine transporter (NET) is responsible for the clearance of released norepinephrine (NE) back into the sympathetic nerve terminal. NET regulation must be tightly controlled as variations could have important implications for neurotransmission. Thus far, the effects of sympathetic neuronal activity on NET function have been unclear. Here, we optically monitor single-terminal cardiac NET activity ex vivo in response to a broad range of sympathetic postganglionic action potential (AP) firing frequencies. Isolated murine left atrial appendages were loaded with a fluorescent NET substrate [Neurotransmitter Transporter Uptake Assay (NTUA)] and imaged with confocal microscopy. Sympathetic APs were induced with electrical field stimulation at 0.2-10 Hz (0.1-0.2 ms pulse width). Exogenous NE was applied during the NTUA uptake- and washout phases to investigate substrate competition and displacement, respectively, on transport. Single-terminal NET reuptake rate was rapidly suppressed in a frequency-dependent manner with an inhibitory EF of 0.9 Hz. At 2 Hz, the effect was reversed by the α-adrenoceptor antagonist yohimbine (1 μM) (p < 0.01) with no further effect imposed by the muscarinic receptor antagonist atropine (1 μM). Additionally, high exogenous NE concentrations abolished NET reuptake (1 μM NE; p < 0.0001) and displaced terminal specific NTUA during washout (1-100 μM NE; p < 0.0001). We have also identified α-adrenoceptor-induced suppression of NET reuptake rate during resting stimulation frequencies, which could oppose the effect of autoinhibition-mediated suppression of exocytosis and thus amplify the effects of sympathetic drive on cardiac function.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: WG Cardiovascular system. Cardiology
Divisions: Emergency Services > Cardiology
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Depositing User: Jamie Edgar
Date Deposited: 25 Mar 2021 16:11
Last Modified: 25 Mar 2021 16:11

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