Traumatic injury is associated with reduced deoxyribonuclease activity and dysregulation of the actin scavenging system.

Hazeldine, Jon, Dinsdale, Robert J, Naumann, David N, Acharjee, Animesh, Bishop, Jonathan R B, Lord, Janet M and Harrison, Paul (2021) Traumatic injury is associated with reduced deoxyribonuclease activity and dysregulation of the actin scavenging system. Burns & trauma, 9. tkab001. ISSN 2321-3868. This article is available to all UHB staff and students via ASK Discovery tool http://tinyurl.com/z795c8c by using their UHB Athens login IDs

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Abstract

Background

Traumatic injury is associated with increased concentrations of cell-free DNA (cfDNA) in the circulation, which contribute to post-injury complications. The endonuclease deoxyribonuclease 1 (DNase-1) is responsible for removing 90% of circulating cfDNA. Recently, DNase activity was reported to be significantly reduced following major non-traumatic brain injury (TBI), but the processes responsible were not investigated. Moreover, it is not known how quickly following injury DNase activity is reduced and whether this also occurs after TBI.

Methods

At 3 post-injury time points (≤1, 4-12 and 48-72 hours), blood samples were obtained from 155 adult trauma patients that had sustained an isolated TBI (n = 21), TBI with accompanying extracranial injury (TBI) (n = 53) or an extracranial injury only (ECI) (n = 81). In addition to measuring cfDNA levels and the activity and expression of DNase, circulating concentrations of monomeric globular action (G-actin), an inhibitor of DNase-1, and the actin scavenging proteins gelsolin (GSN) and vitamin D binding protein (VDBP) were determined and values compared to a cohort of healthy controls.

Results

Significantly elevated concentrations of plasma cfDNA were seen in TBI, TBI and ECI patients at all study time points when compared to healthy controls. cfDNA levels were significantly higher at ≤1 hour post-injury in ECI patients who subsequently developed multiple organ dysfunction syndrome when compared to those who did not. Plasma DNase-1 protein was significantly elevated in all patient groups at all sampling time points. In contrast, DNase enzyme activity was significantly reduced, with this impaired function evident in TBI patients within minutes of injury. Circulating concentrations of G-actin were elevated in all patient cohorts in the immediate aftermath of injury and this was accompanied by a significant reduction in the levels of GSN and VDBP.

Conclusions

The post-traumatic increase in circulating cfDNA that occurs following extracranial trauma and TBI is accompanied by reduced DNase activity. We propose that, secondary to reduced GSN and VDBP levels, elevated circulating concentrations of G-actin underlie the post-injury reduction in DNase activity. Reducing circulating cfDNA levels via therapeutic restoration of DNase-1 activity may improve clinical outcomes post-injury.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This article is available to all UHB staff and students via ASK Discovery tool http://tinyurl.com/z795c8c by using their UHB Athens login IDs
Subjects: QW Microbiology. Immunology
QZ Pathology. Oncology
WO Surgery
WR Skin. Dermatology
Divisions: Planned IP Care > Trauma and Orthopaedics
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Jamie Edgar
Date Deposited: 21 Apr 2021 12:17
Last Modified: 21 Apr 2021 12:17
URI: http://www.repository.uhblibrary.co.uk/id/eprint/4231

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