Mortality and AIDS-defining events among young people following transition from paediatric to adult HIV care in the UK.

Asad, H, Collins, I J, Goodall, R L, Crichton, S, Hill, T, Doerholt, K, Foster, C, Lyall, H, Post, F A, Welch, Steven B, Winston, A, Sabin, C A and Judd, A (2021) Mortality and AIDS-defining events among young people following transition from paediatric to adult HIV care in the UK. HIV medicine. ISSN 1468-1293. This article is available to all UHB staff and students via ASK Discovery tool http://tinyurl.com/z795c8c by using their UHB Athens login IDs

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Official URL: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1111/(IS...

Abstract

OBJECTIVES

To investigate risk of AIDS and mortality after transition from paediatric to adult care in a UK cohort of young people with perinatally acquired HIV.

METHODS

Records of people aged ≥ 13 years on 31 December 2015 in the UK paediatric HIV cohort (Collaborative HIV Paediatric Study) were linked to those of adults in the UK Collaborative HIV Cohort (CHIC) cohort. We calculated time from transition to a new AIDS event/death, with follow-up censored at the last visit or 31 December 2015, whichever was the earliest. Cumulative incidence of and risk factors for AIDS/mortality were assessed using Kaplan-Meier and Cox regression.

RESULTS

At the final paediatric visit, the 474 participants [51% female, 80% black, 60% born outside the UK, median (interquartile range) age at antiretroviral therapy (ART) initiation = 9 (5-13) years] had a median age of 18 (17-19) years and CD4 count of 471 (280-663) cell/μL; 89% were prescribed ART and 60% overall had a viral load ≤ 400 copies/mL. Over median follow-up in adult care of 3 (2-6) years, 35 (8%) experienced a new AIDS event (n = 25) or death (n = 14) (incidence = 1.8/100 person-years). In multivariable analyses, lower CD4 count at the last paediatric visit [adjusted hazard ratio = 0.8 (95% confidence interval: 0.7-1.0)/100 cells/μL increment] and AIDS diagnosis in paediatric care [2.7 (1.4-5.5)] were associated with a new AIDS event/mortality in adult care.

CONCLUSIONS

Young people with perinatally acquired HIV transitioning to adult care with markers of disease progression in paediatric care experienced poorer outcomes in adult care. Increased investment in multidisciplinary specialized services is required to support this population at high risk of morbidity and mortality.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This article is available to all UHB staff and students via ASK Discovery tool http://tinyurl.com/z795c8c by using their UHB Athens login IDs
Subjects: WC Communicabable diseases
Divisions: Clinical Support > Infectious Diseases
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Depositing User: Jamie Edgar
Date Deposited: 12 May 2021 09:59
Last Modified: 12 May 2021 09:59
URI: http://www.repository.uhblibrary.co.uk/id/eprint/4307

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