Headache attributed to idiopathic intracranial hypertension and persistent post-idiopathic intracranial hypertension headache: A narrative review.

Mollan, Susan P, Grech, Olivia and Sinclair, Alexandra J (2021) Headache attributed to idiopathic intracranial hypertension and persistent post-idiopathic intracranial hypertension headache: A narrative review. Headache. ISSN 1526-4610.

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE

Headache is a near-universal sequela of idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH). The aim of this paper is to report current knowledge of headache in IIH and to identify therapeutic options.

BACKGROUND

Disability in IIH is predominantly driven by headache; thus, headache management is an urgent and unmet clinical need. At present, there is currently no scientific evidence for the directed use of abortive or preventative headache therapy.

METHODS

A detailed search of the scientific literature and narrative review was performed.

RESULTS

Headache in IIH is driven by raised intracranial pressure (ICP) and reduction of ICP has been reported in some studies to reduce headache. Despite resolution of papilledema and normalization of raised ICP, a majority suffer persistent post-IIH headache. The lack of evidence-based management approaches leaves many untreated. Where clinicians attempt to manage IIH headache, they use off-label therapies to target the prevailing headache phenotype. A recent prospective open-label study demonstrated the effective use of a calcitonin gene-related peptide monoclonal antibody therapy in IIH for persistent post-IIH headache.

CONCLUSIONS

There is overwhelming evidence of the headache burden in IIH. Studies are required to investigate the biological foundations of headache related to ICP and to develop treatments specifically directed to manage headache in IIH.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: WL Nervous system. Neurology
Divisions: Emergency Services > Neurology
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Miss Emily Johnson
Date Deposited: 11 Jun 2021 14:21
Last Modified: 11 Jun 2021 14:21
URI: http://www.repository.uhblibrary.co.uk/id/eprint/4422

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