Right Ventricular Dysfunction and Its Association With Mortality in Coronavirus Disease 2019 Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome.

Chotalia, Minesh, Ali, Muzzammil, Alderman, Joseph E, Kalla, Manish, Parekh, Dhruv, Bangash, Mansoor N and Patel, Jaimin M (2021) Right Ventricular Dysfunction and Its Association With Mortality in Coronavirus Disease 2019 Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome. Critical care medicine. ISSN 1530-0293.

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Official URL: https://dx.doi.org/10.1097/CCM.0000000000005167

Abstract

OBJECTIVES

To assess whether right ventricular dilation or systolic impairment is associated with mortality and/or disease severity in invasively ventilated patients with coronavirus disease 2019 acute respiratory distress syndrome.

DESIGN

Retrospective cohort study.

SETTING

Single-center U.K. ICU.

PATIENTS

Patients with coronavirus disease 2019 acute respiratory distress syndrome undergoing invasive mechanical ventilation that received a transthoracic echocardiogram between March and December 2020.

INTERVENTION

None.

MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS

Right ventricular dilation was defined as right ventricular:left ventricular end-diastolic area greater than 0.6, right ventricular systolic impairment as fractional area change less than 35%, or tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion less than 17 mm. One hundred seventy-two patients were included, 59 years old (interquartile range, 49-67), with mostly moderate acute respiratory distress syndrome (n = 101; 59%). Ninety-day mortality was 41% (n = 70): 49% in patients with right ventricular dilation, 53% in right ventricular systolic impairment, and 72% in right ventricular dilation with systolic impairment. The right ventricular dilation with systolic impairment phenotype was independently associated with mortality (odds ratio, 3.11 [95% CI, 1.15-7.60]), but either disease state alone was not. Right ventricular fractional area change correlated with PaO2:FIO2 ratio, PaCO2, chest radiograph opacification, and dynamic compliance, whereas right ventricular:left ventricle end-diastolic area correlated negatively with urine output.

CONCLUSIONS

Right ventricular systolic impairment correlated with pulmonary pathophysiology, whereas right ventricular dilation correlated with renal dysfunction. Right ventricular dilation with systolic impairment was the only right ventricular phenotype that was independently associated with mortality.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: WF Respiratory system. Respiratory medicine
WG Cardiovascular system. Cardiology
Divisions: Emergency Services > Cardiology
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Miss Emily Johnson
Date Deposited: 09 Jul 2021 14:04
Last Modified: 09 Jul 2021 14:04
URI: http://www.repository.uhblibrary.co.uk/id/eprint/4469

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