Community-based intervention for prevention and management of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in Nepal (COBIN-P trial): study protocol for a cluster-randomized controlled trial.

Adhikari, Tara Ballav, Neupane, Dinesh, Karki, Arjun, Drews, Arne, Cooper, Brendan G, Högman, Marieann, Sigsgaard, Torben and Kallestrup, Per (2021) Community-based intervention for prevention and management of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in Nepal (COBIN-P trial): study protocol for a cluster-randomized controlled trial. Trials, 22 (1). p. 474. ISSN 1745-6215.

Full text not available from this repository.
Official URL: 10.1186/s13063-021-05447-7.

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is one of the leading causes of death worldwide and the commonest of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in Nepal. Risk factors like indoor and outdoor air pollution, a high prevalence of smoking, and the lack of awareness of COPD make it a serious public health concern. However, no attempt has been made in Nepal to estimate its burden and address the disease at the community level.

METHOD

This study aims to evaluate the effect of a community-based health educational intervention administered by Female Community Health Volunteers (FCHVs) on the prevention and management of COPD. An open-label, two-group, community-based, cluster-randomized controlled trial will be implemented in the semi-urban area of Pokhara Metropolitan city (former Lekhnath Municipality) located in the Kaski district of Nepal. The estimated sample size of the intervention will be 1143. The unit of randomization is the ward (administrative unit) of the study area. The follow-up survey will be conducted immediately after 12 months of FCHVs-led interventions. The difference in the rate of decline of forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV) and FEV/FVC (forced vital capacity) ratio are the primary outcomes and the change in the proportion of modifiable risk factors of COPD, health-related quality of life scores, and change in knowledge of COPD will be secondary outcomes.

DISCUSSION

This study will estimate the burden of COPD, the magnitude of risk factors and generate evidence to mobilize community health workers for COPD prevention and management at the community level in Nepal.

TRIAL REGISTRATION

ClinicalTrials.gov NCT03797768 . Registered on January 9, 2019.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: WF Respiratory system. Respiratory medicine
Divisions: Planned IP Care > Respiratory Medicine
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Mrs Caroline Tranter
Date Deposited: 26 Jul 2021 13:22
Last Modified: 26 Jul 2021 13:22
URI: http://www.repository.uhblibrary.co.uk/id/eprint/4498

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