Earlier intervention for acute kidney injury: evaluation of an outreach service and a long-term follow-up.

Thomas, Mark E, Sitch, Alice, Baharani, Jyoti and Dowswell, George (2015) Earlier intervention for acute kidney injury: evaluation of an outreach service and a long-term follow-up. Nephrology, dialysis, transplantation : official publication of the European Dialysis and Transplant Association - European Renal Association, 30 (2). pp. 239-44. ISSN 1460-2385.

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Official URL: http://ndt.oxfordjournals.org/content/early/2014/1...



There have been few studies of earlier systematic intervention to reduce the impact of acute kidney injury (AKI). In 2009, we piloted an AKI outreach service with a before and after study, and we report on the study and its longer-term follow-up.


AKI patients were identified using a laboratory delta check for creatinine of 75%. In the 4-week before phase patients received standard care. In a consecutive 7-week after phase an outreach team of nephrology doctors and nurses reviewed all alerts twice daily, 5 days a week. The primary clinical team caring for the patient was called to be given advice on AKI care.


There were 157 and 251 patients in the before and after groups, respectively, who were comparable in their characteristics. The mean age was 70 years in both groups and ∼ 80% of each group were admitted to the hospital. In the after group, the Outreach telephone call was successful in 88%, at a median of 14 h. Substantial numbers of recommendations were made, largely related to fluid balance, investigations and medication use. Survival showed an immediate non-significant improvement in the after group, but converged at about 4 years.


Outreach shows potential to improve outcomes in AKI. In order to achieve this it seems likely that at least a five-day per week service will be needed to assist good renal and general medical care for this vulnerable group.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: WJ Urogenital system. Urology
Divisions: Emergency Services > Renal
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Mrs Adele Creak
Date Deposited: 30 May 2015 08:38
Last Modified: 30 May 2015 08:38
URI: http://www.repository.uhblibrary.co.uk/id/eprint/901

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